What is Hydroponics How to Grow Plants in India
What is hydroponics? The science of soilless farming is called hydroponics. It basically involves growing healthy plants without the use of a traditional soil medium by using a nutrient like a mineral-rich water solution instead. A plant just needs select nutrients, some water, & sunlight to grow, and not only do plants grow without soil, they often grow a lot better with their roots in water instead.
This method of agriculture has been gaining traction in recent years, as it provides numerous benefits over traditional soil-based farming methods. Hydroponics allows for greater control over the growing environment, and this makes it possible to achieve higher yields with fewer resources. Additionally, hydroponic systems are often more sustainable and conserve soil & water. Hydroponics farming technology used less than 90% of water & 1/5 of land than traditional farming. The hydroponic systems are very easy to operate & maintain for both commercials as well as home/hobbies systems.
Evolution of Hydroponics
Hydroponics is a soil-less farming technology that has been around for centuries. It is believed to have originated in the ancient civilizations of Egypt and Babylon, where it was used to grow crops in water-based systems. In the 16th century, an Italian scientist named Giambattista della Porta wrote about the use of hydroponics in his book, Natural Magick.
Fast forward to the 19th century and researchers at the University of California began experimenting with hydroponic systems, trying to replicate soil-based growth. This led to a number of experiments and advancements in the field, including the invention of the Nutrient Film Technique (NFT) by Dr. William Gericke in 1936.
Today, hydroponics is used around the world to grow plants in soilless systems, thanks to its ability to produce faster crop yields, use fewer resources, and provide healthier plants than traditional soil-based growing methods. Hydroponics is used to cultivate fruits, vegetables, and other crops, both commercially and by hobbyists alike.
The benefits of hydroponics
Hydroponics is quickly becoming a popular farming technology to grow plants and vegetables without the use of soil. Hydroponic systems can be used to grow almost any type of plant or vegetable, from herbs and leafy (Lettuce) to vine crops (Tomatoes, cucumbers) and fruits (Strawberries). This advanced farming growing technology offers a number of unique benefits to Commercials & Home/Hobby growers.
Since the nutrients are delivered directly to the plant’s roots, plants grow faster and stronger with hydroponics than with traditional methods.
In addition, hydroponics allows for easier pest control, since pests can’t get into the sealed hydroponic system.
Finally, Hydroponic Homes & Hobby gardens can be set up anywhere, even indoors. This makes it easy to enjoy fresh vegetables and fruits all year round.
The Types of Hydroponic Systems
In Hydroponics there are different types of systems depending on the growing plants. The most common types of hydroponic systems are:
Nutrient Film Technique (NFT) Systems: This type of system pumps nutrient-rich water over cyclic time periods to the roots of the plants, allowing them to take up the nutrients. This System is best for leafy green crops.
Deep Water Culture (DWC) Systems: In this Hydroponic System, the roots of the plants are suspended in a tank or bucket of oxygenated, nutrient-rich water.
Wick Hydroponic Systems: A wick hydroponic system uses a wick to draw nutrient-rich water from the reservoir up to the plant’s roots. This is a great choice for beginner growers, it is easy to set up and maintain.
Ebb and Flow Hydroponic System: – Ebb & Flow Hydroponic system also known as flood and drain, in this hydroponic system uses a timer to periodically flood the grow tray with nutrient-rich water and then drain it away again.
Aeroponics Hydroponic Systems:- In this hydroponic system, the plant’s roots are suspended in air and sprayed with nutrient-rich mist at regular intervals. This type of hydroponic system requires more technical knowledge and skill to set up.
Dutch Bucket Hydroponic Systems: – This type of system pumps nutrient-rich water over cyclic time periods using a timer to the roots of the plants, allowing them to take up the nutrients. This System is best for vine crops. This system has a bucket, which has to grow & support media coco peat & clay-ball.
Once you’ve chosen a system, for your crop the next step is to gather the supplies you need to grow your plants. Depending on the type of system you’re using, this could include growing lights (if Indoor System), growing media, nutrient solutions, irrigation equipment, and other materials.
Also Check :- Hydroponics Veggies Store